RHUS typhina

Staghorn Sumac –

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA “A common eastern North American shrub or small tree, staghorn sumac produces an umbrella-like crown of feathery foliage in summer that turns radiant shades of orange, red and yellow in fall. It is fully deciduous, very hardy and tends to spread forming large colonies over time. The staghorn reference in its common name refers to its stems and leaf petioles which have a fuzzy brown surface, much like that of deer antler velvet. Wild populations are common and tend to inhabit open forests and forest margins, roadsides and disturbed sites.

During winter, staghorn sumac offers nothing but stands of bare, fuzzy, upright stems. The leaves appear in mid to late spring. Each dark green, compound leaf is long, feathery and has a distinctly fuzzy leaf rachis (central stem). The leaves are held horizontally and most dense along the upper half of the stems. In fall, they turn brilliant warm shades. In early summer tufted spikes of creamy greenish yellow flowers appears at branch tips. By early autumn, these mature into dense, upright clusters of deep red or orange-red fruits which are eaten and spread by birds.

Staghorn sumac is a tough, resilient plant that grows best in locations with full to partial sun and average, well-drained soil including dry, sandy soils. Once established, it can tolerate high heat and periods of drought. Its remarkable salt tolerance also makes it a great shrub for the Oceanside. Its tendency to sucker and spread makes it an ideal native for naturalization and soil stabilization. Ornamental cultivars, like the cutleaf ‘Laciniata’ and Tiger Eyes™, with its fine, golden leaves, are remarkably beautiful but still have a tendency to spread, so they are best planted in large spaces.”

Winchester Gardens generally stocks this item. 

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Staghorn Sumac

Tree
3-8
Summer
Yellow Green, Ivory
Red, Dark Red, Orange Red
No
Yes

Yes
Yes


15-25′
12-20′

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