A selection of Tatarian dogwood, which is native from northern Russia to Korea, ‘Bailhalo’ is prized for its leaves outlined with white, the bright red color of its stems and branches in winter, and its year-round toughness. It is a multi-stemmed, spreading, compact, deciduous shrub with clusters of small white flowers in spring followed by clusters of small white fruits, often tinged blue. It has dark green tapered leaves that turn red or orange in autumn. Though this northern species may scorch in hot climates, it has some tolerance for drought.
Plant ‘Bailhalo’ in full to partial sun and well-drained soil. It is most effective as an informal hedge, massed in a large group, or as a showy accent plant in the border or a large container. It spreads by underground roots so it is also useful for stabilizing banks and slopes. Some gardeners prune this shrub to the ground in winter, foregoing bloom to prompt the growth of new stems in spring because their color is the brightest red.
Select a site with full sun to light shade and moist, well-drained soil. Some species prefer an acidic soil.
Plant in spring or fall. Space plants 6 to 20 feet apart, depending on the expected mature size of the plant. Dig a hole only as deep as the root ball and 2 to 3 times as wide. If your soil is in very poor condition, amend the soil you’ve removed from the hole with a small amount of compost. Otherwise don’t amend it at all. Carefully remove the tree from the container and set it in the hole. Fill in around the root ball with soil until the hole is about half filled. Then firm the soil and water thoroughly. Fill the hole with the remaining soil and water again. Form a raised ridge of soil around the outside edge of the hole so it acts like a berm to help hold in water.
Apply a layer of compost under the tree each spring, spreading it out to the dripline (the area under the outermost branches). Add a 2-inch layer of mulch to retain moisture and control weeds, keeping mulch a few inches away from the tree trunk. Water plants during the summer if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. The trees require little pruning once established. In late winter, remove dead, diseased, and broken branches, and prune lightly to maintain shape.
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White, Light Green
White, Dark Green, Variegated