Grape, Seedless –
Fox Grape should be kept well watered until established. Avoid “”soggy”” soil conditions. Once established, water after the first few inches of soil dry out.
Good as a fall accent. Leaves have a nice color.
Attracts bees. Plant next to species where polination is important.
Winchester Gardens generally stocks this item.
Perennial – Fruit
Select a site with deep, well-drained, loose soil in full sun. Set up a trellis system before planting.
Plant grapes in the spring. Space vines 6 to 10 feet apart (16 feet for muscadines). For each vine, dig a planting hole 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. Fill with 4 inches of topsoil. Trim off broken roots and set the vine into the hole slightly deeper than it grew in the nursery. Cover the roots with 6 inches of soil and tamp down. Fill with the remaining soil, but don’t tamp this down.
Prune the top back to two or three buds at planting time. Prune annually when the vines are dormant according to the training system you select. Do not fertilize unless the soil is very poor or the plants show poor foliage color or signs of nutrient deficiencies. Cultivate shallowly around the base of plants to control weeds. Drape netting over vines to prevent birds from destroying your harvest.
Vines bear fruit the second or third year after planting. American and table grapes are ready when they reach full cultivar size and color, in about 150-165 days. Leave raisin grapes on the vines to ripen completely before picking. The best time to pick wine grapes depends on the type of wine to be made.
Hyssop is beneficial to grapes as are basil, beans, geraniums, oregano, clover, peas, or blackberries. Planting clover increases the soil fertility for grapes. Chives with grapes help repel aphids. Plant your vines under Elm or Mulberry trees.