LYCOPERSICON esculentum ‘Brandywine Heirloom’

Tomato –

0661 Yellow Brandywine’ is an heirloom variety which is generally ready for harvest 80 days after sowing. This is a golden-yellow version of the ‘Brandywine’ tomato, whose indeterminate plants produce large, flattened, rich-tasting fruits 7 inches in diameter. The two main growth habits of tomatoes are determinate (stops growing when end buds set fruit, crop is produced all at once – bush types) and indeterminate (continues to grow and set fruit – vine type)Tomatoes require full sun and grow best when day temperatures are between 65 and 85 degrees. Flowers will not set fruit if night temperatures drop below 55 degrees F. Tomatoes may be started from seed or transplants. Transplants can be set out no sooner than 3 weeks after your last average frost date. Soil should be warm, fertile and well-drained. Work in a complete, balanced fertilizer at a rate of 1lb/100 SF. Plants should be set out on a cloudy day or late in the afternoon so they will not stress. Dig hole so that plants will be buried up to their first leaves. If stems are really long, plant in a trench with plant laying on it’s side. Leaves will turn upright within a week. Space plants about 3 inches apart. Fertilize again around midseason. Provide plenty of even water until fruit starts to color, then reduce water so that fruit will be more flavorful. Harvest tomatoes when they are in full color for most flavor. For more information see the article “Seeing Red.”

Winchester Gardens generally stocks this item. 

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Tomato
Heirloom – Brandywine
Annual

Spring, Summer
White, Yellow
Green
No


Yes


0
6-20″

Site Selection
Select a site with full sun and well-drained soil. In very hot climates, light afternoon shade may help prevent blossom drop. Prepare the garden bed by using a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost.

Planting Instructions
If you don’t purchase plants, start seeds indoors in flats or pots 6 to 7 weeks before the average last frost date, and set out transplants when the soil is warm and all danger of frost is past. Set up trellises, cages, or stakes at planting time. Dig planting holes 18 to 24 inches apart if you plan to stake or trellis the crops, 36 to 48 inches apart if the plants aren’t trained. Pinch off two or three of the lower branches on the transplant and set the root ball of the plant well into the hole until the remaining lowest leaves are just above the soil surface. The plant will form additional roots along the buried stem. Water generously and keep the plants well watered for a few days.

Care
Provide an even supply of water all season. If staking or trellising, prune suckers to allow one or two central stems to grow on staked plants, two or three central stems for trellis systems. Apply a thick layer of organic mulch 4 or 5 weeks after transplanting. Contact your local County Extension office for controls of common tomato insect pests such as tomato hornworms and whiteflies.

Harvesting Tips
Pick fruits when they are firm, full size, and fully colored. Tomatoes will ripen when harvested at their green mature stage, but flavor will not be as good. Harvest all except the greenest fruits before a killing frost, and take them indoors at 60° to 65°F to ripen. You can also harvest green tomatoes for pickling and frying.

Companion Plants
Asparagus, carrot, celery, cucumber, onion, parsley, pepper. Basil repels flies and mosquitoes, improves growth and flavor. Bee balm, chives and mint improve health and flavor. Borage deters tomato worm, improves growth and flavor. Dill, until mature, improves growth and health. Once mature, it stunts tomato growth. Marigold deters nematodes. Pot marigold deters tomato worm and general garden pests.

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